June 20, 2024
ebike safety

E-Bike and E-Scooter Safety

The popularity of electric bikes and electric scooters (e-bikes and e-scooters) has taken off over the past
few years. Lithium-ion batteries are usually the source of power for both, and if not used correctly, or if
damaged, those batteries can catch on fire or explode. Whether you use e-bikes or e-scooters as your
main way of getting around, or just for fun, there are important safety tips to keep in mind when charging
or storing these devices.

The Problem

  • Damaged or defective batteries can overheat, catch fire, or explode.
  • Lithium-ion battery fires give off toxic gases and they burn extremely hot.

Safety Tips

  • Only purchase and use devices, batteries, and charging equipment that are listed by a nationally recognized testing lab and labeled accordingly.
  • Always follow the instructions from the manufacturer.
  • Only use the battery and the charger that were designed for, and came with, the device.
  • Do not keep charging the device or device battery after it is fully charged.
  • Only charge one device or device battery at a time to prevent overloading the circuit.
  • Keep batteries at room temperature when possible. Do not charge them at temperatures below 32°F (0°C) or above 105°F (40°C).
  • Do not store batteries in direct sunlight or inside hot vehicles, and keep them away from children and liquids.
  • Store e-bikes, e-scooters, and batteries away from exit doors and anything that can get hot or catch fire.
  • Only have device repairs performed by a qualified professional.
  • Do not put lithium-ion batteries in the trash. Recycling is always the best option. Take the batteries to a battery recycling location or contact your local waste department for disposal instructions
black dslr camera on black tripod

Signs of a Problem

Stop using the e-bike or e-scooter if you notice any of these problems with the battery: unusual odor, change in color, too much heat, change in shape, leaking, smoking, or not keeping a charge.

If you see a fire …

  • Leave the building immediately.
  • Don’t try to fight the fire.
  • Call 911.

Learn More

Visit nfpa.org/ebikes

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